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Anderson Cooper 360

News/Business. (2011)

NETWORK
CNN

DURATION
01:00:00

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Annapolis, MD, USA

SOURCE
Comcast Cable

TUNER
Port 1234

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mpeg2video

AUDIO CODEC
mp2

PIXEL WIDTH
720

PIXEL HEIGHT
480

TOPIC FREQUENCY

U.s. 15, Libya 12, Syria 11, Yemen 8, Tokyo 8, Bahrain 7, Tripoli 6, United States 5, America 4, Elizabeth Taylor 3, Sarkozy 3, Egypt 3, Wesley Clark 2, Michael Friedlander 2, Gadhafi 2, California 2, U.n. 2, Cnn 2, David Kirkpatrick 2, Jill Dougherty 2,
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  CNN    Anderson Cooper 360    News/Business.  (2011)  

    March 24, 2011
    1:00 - 2:00am EDT  

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for late-breaking details. also we're told coalition forces are targeting ground forces in
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the coalition flew 175 sorties in the last 24 hours and they say gadhafi's air power has been rendered ineffective and have shifted to targeting ground forces in dab dab and mizrata. and in those cities attacks continue. >> it is a toy gun. this is amazing. he just handed me his gun. i didn't realize until he put it in my hands it is made of plastic. it's a toy. >> reporter: three explosions, 50 yards away. we were doing interviews, incoming round, in this area. the rebels are now starting to
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flee. >> the incoming fire was from gadhafi position some five miles away from where he and the opposition forces were standing. we have new video of the scene from the ground in mizrata posted on youtube sent a to us by a source in the city. we cannot independently confirm when it was shot. take a look. they say gadhafi forces fired own this main hospital with shelling going on 40 minutes at a time, killing two people and leaving patients and doctors rattled. tonight new information about gadhafi's inner circle reaching out to the united states. senior u.s. officials tell cnn that one of gadhafi's closest confidants has been calling the state department every day. we also heard this talk by secretary of state hillary clinton yesterday. though u.s. officials say the
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intention behind these calls is murky. could be a sign the gadhafi regime is exploring options, looking for a way out or disinformation put forth to make gadhafi not trust the people around him. today secretary of state hillary clinton said gadhafi and his inner circle have some choices to make. >> it will be up to gadhafi and his insiders to determine what their next steps are, but we would certainly encourage that they would make the right decision. and not only institute a cease fire but withdrawal from the cities and the military actions and prepare for a transition that does not include colonel gadhafi. the quickest way for him to end
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this is to serve the libya people by leaving. >> gadhafi shows no sign he is ready to back down. he and his government insist the air strikes are killing and injuring civilians but they have presented no evidence. the chief of staff for the odyssey dawn joint task force said there is no evidence of civilian casualties and when journalists were asked to go to hospitals where injured civilians are treated instead they take them on trips like this, pro gadhafi rallies where they whip up the crowds. johnathon miller asked to see some of those alleged civilian targets and wounded. they took him to a house hit in the strike. clearly a military strike. and when he confronted the minder he had no response. watch. >> why did you bring us to a naval target?
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you told us many civilians have been killed, many civilians injured. >> what is this? it is our, our people it's our money. it's our land. >> if you really want to see how surreal the propaganda gets watch a little libyan state television. a man actually pulls out an ak-47 and pledges allegiance to gadhafi. in the whole world who dares to arm his civilian people if these people are not genuinely loyal to the leadership. in the name of almighty god, i pledge to you, my dear leader, i will sacrifice my last breath, my last bullet, my last baby and child for you. >> a show of loyalty on libyan state run tv. there's no evidence that
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in coalition air strikes but according to witnesses in mizrata, civilians continue to get killed by gadhafi forces. we spoke to a number of people in mizrata today. one told us that gadhafi ground forces fired from tanks killing seven people. earlier i spoke with a member in mizrata and they said the problem is they don't have enough ammunition or enough heavy weapons that can take out gadhafi's tanks. as always, we cannot independently verify what the person is saying. what's the situation in mizrata now? >> mizrata has been attacked by tanks. about 10:00 or 9:00, the tanks were trying to attack -- >> are you opposition fighters trying to fight back? >> yes. they are defending the hospital
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right now. and we just heard that a few of the neighbors have been killed. >> last night there were coalition air strikes near mizrata. were you able to see or hear those? >> yes. the air strike was taking place at the air force academy. that's about 50 kilometers away from the center of the city. >> that's ware where their supplies are from. >> yes. >> i that is very helpful for us. i think their ammo is just about finished. that's it for them. the uprising has taken control. like they are blocking them inside the street. they will not go out. it is just a matter of time to win this battle. >> you believe it is a matter of time? >> yes.
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they are striking yes air strikes have helped a lot. >> what makes you think it is a matter of time before you defeat the gadhafi forces? >> ammo. >> yes. >> thank you very much for talking to us. stay safe. >> thank you, mr. anderson, thank you very much. >> a voice from mizrata. now the latest from benghazi and in tripoli david kirkpatrick from the "new york times." you are on the front lines hours ago outside of dab dab. what did you see there, where are the rebels? >> well, ander son they are only a short distance from the northern gate of. the air strikes have allowed
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them to advance this far. they have been trying to break through the tanks the artillery he has. this barrage has been raining down on them and they have not been able to do so. this is where we have an example of where the opposition is at a point where the air strikes have helped it gain momentum but where it now needs to fight out the last part of the battle on its done. it needs to deliver that final blow to gadhafi forces but it is here where they are struggling because also outside this area there is little they can do on the ar rilry barrage they have coming up against. but it is here where they are struggling, because also outside of abdijaya, we're hearing from the opposition they need better weapons and better equipment. there's little they can do in the face of this artillery
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barrage. they've been trying to loop around and go to other entrances, outflank gadhafi's forces. but they're really struggling in this case. and this is where it is going to be very challenging and very difficult for them to gain this momentum and to try to move forward through various cities and towns, anderson. >> david, we just heard of new air strikes in tripoli, explosions being heard. cnn has confirmed that. you say anti-aircraft fire is markedly down since the bombing campaign began. what does that suggest to you? >> reporter: well, one theory is they've taken out a lot of the anti-aircraft weapons. that's certainly possible. i can't rule out that the gadhafi government has, for their own reason, decided to conserve their information. but they shoot their guns in the air at the slightest opportunity all the time. >> david, also abc news is quoting officials that gadhafi is increasingly anxious and "moving around a ton." that was the quote. we obviously -- we don't know where he is obviously, do we? >> no, we don't.
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there are a great deal of rumors around tripoli today. gadhafi made an appearance at his palace, two nights ago and gave a speech, that included the lines, i am here, i am here, i am here. thiz main point seemed to be showing people that he was alive and in the palace. whether he immediately left for another more secure location, i have no idea. certainly if i was colonel gadhafi, i wouldn't let everyone know where i was. >> arwa, there have been reports that opposition forces may have had been receiving weapons. i think it was through egypt. have you seen any evidence that they have now weaponry at all? >> reporter: no, anderson, we haven't. we've also heard various reports that weapons have been coming from egypt and some other countries. we've been asking the opposition leadership, their military leadership about this. they're denying that any sort of government is sending them weapons, that they are receiving weapons from the outside. what we do see is opposition
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fighters alongside the main routes here going from benghazi to abdijaya trying to put together whatever weapons they've managed to recuperate from gadhafi's forces following the air strikes. you see them on the side of the road trying to put together the damaged multiple barreled rocket launchers. we see them trying to haul the tanks away, trying to repair those. this is really how they've been arming themselves. they have basically been cobbling together bits and pieces of weapons that they're finding. what they carry into the battlefield is whatever they have recovered from weapon storage facilities, from arms depots. this is why they say they need weapons and equipment. now, the chief of staff for the opposition military did tell us that they specifically have asked various foreign countries for weapons and for equipment, because these fighters out there, anderson, they don't even have flak jackets.
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but the army chief of staff is saying that as of now, they have not received anything. >> david, we saw this anchor or television presenter basically whip out what looks like a brand new ak-47. i know you were on the road today in a town where people have been armed, given new ak-47s. that would seem to be a sign of some confidence by gadhafi if he's willing to arm some of his people. >> reporter: i thought it was a sign of remarkable confidence. we were in the strong hold of libya's tribe. everyone here says you can't rule out them. they're the bedrock of the gadhafi military forces. this is a town where so many young men go in the military. the university is pretty much all women, because military jobs are a good source of income and prestige here. and yet we've been hearing murmurs that they were wavering in their loyalty. there has been coup attempts in
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the past, and if they were to defect, that would be a real bellwether event. yet in this context, here's colonel gadhafi handing out a new rifle to every household. we saw teenagers showing off and trying to figure out their new guns. and on the way back in, we saw six or more pretty heavily armed checkpoints with machine guns surrounded by sandbags and heavily artillery into the road, which suggests to me they're hedging their bets a little bit. they fortified the path to tripoli >> and arwa, are you aware of any coordination between opposition forces, the military force and the coalition forces? are they in communication about locations of their fighters? >> reporter: according to the
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army chief of staff here, he was telling us that there is, in fact, direct coordination between himself, between coalition forces. they are very much sharing intelligence on locations that they would like to see hit in these air strikes. and that the coalition is also sharing various intelligence that they have, as well. interesting, anderson, the general was telling us that they have not asked the coalition to hit gadhafi's compound and in those strikes that we have been seeing there in the past, they're saying that was not specifically their request. when it comes to gadhafi, the opposition very much insisting that they want to be the ones who take him out at the end of the day. >> arwa damon, david kirkpatrick, thank you very much. stay safe. let us know what you think on facebook, or twitter. i'll be tweeting throughout the hour tonight. strong criticism coming over the united states' role in libya. some say it cost too much. some say there's no reason for the u.s. to be there. strategic reasons.
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we'll hear from the president of the council of foreign relations next. and talk to former general wesley clark, jill dougherty and others. different viewpoints. also ahead, another setback at the damaged nuclear power plant in japan and another pressing problem. word today the water is contaminated, too dangerous for infants to safely drink, even in tokyo. we'll have the latest on that, coming up. there are a lot of questions out there about retirement. let fidelity help you find the answers. our investment professionals work with you to help you make the most of your retirement and enjoy the life you've saved for. fidelity investments. where leading companies and millions of people go to get the real answers they need. call today.
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new pictures from the french military. planes taking off from an aircraft carrier. here in the united states, especially on capitol hill, there's criticism over america's role in the operation. house speaker john boehner complained that military resources were committed without the president explaining to congress what the mission is. then there's the cost. cnn estimates the u.s. will spend $800 million to establish the no-fly zone over libya. after, that $100 million a week to maintain it.
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beyond the price tag -- there's political and philosophical criticism. richard haass is the former chief of adviser to colin powell. i know you don't think there were vital interests at stake in terms of getting the u.s. involved. let's talk about where we move forward from here since we are involved in this. how do you see the spraigs operation going and what are your biggest concerns now. >> we are where we are, whether you thought it was a great or terrible idea. my hunch is the operation will take longer than people think. it almost always does. it is better seen as a plural rather than single force. the allies weren't coordinated with themselves much less with the opposition. so you have to prepare for something that could be messy and prolonged. >> when president obama says days not weeks in terms of u.s. leadership on this, or the u.s. the most prominent role in this, do you buy that. >> if he is right somebody else
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better be ready to step in. it could be the arab league or the french or some other european union but you need a lot of help on the opposition and some peace keeping force because there will be a security vacuum. the one thing we can predict if the opposition ever does get rid of gadhafi their one common thread will disappear. and for all we know they will fight among themselves. so you have to provide national order because gadhafi never allowed an army to grow up that has a national reach. even if we are successful, this is going to be extraordinarily messy. >> people say, look, we know who the opposition is. look at the council that's running benghazi now. that they are doctors, former government people. secularists. do you buy that? or do you feel we don't really know who is the opposition? >> in civil wars the people who are active at the political level aren't necessarily the people who have the power.
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plus in libya you have an unbelievably complicated overlay of tribes and family and the rest and so anyone that speaks with any confidence that we know what would succeed gadhafi if gadhafi were to fall or fail, i don't buy it. >> do you not see it as a democratic uprising that turned violent or do you see it as a civil war that the u.s. is siding with one group in a civil war. >> absolutely the latter. this is a civil war, whether you think it was humanitarian intervention or not. we have sided with one side, the opposition of gadhafi. we don't know who we are siding with and we don't know who will prevail in the end and civil wars are nasty and often the people that come to the floor are not the people that are necessarily reading the federalist papers. >> could anything be worse than gadhafi? a guy that has been? -- >> has bad as he could be, sure. you could have situations of
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massive chaos. you could have people come to the floor that say are aligned with islamic radical groups or as islamic group that doesn't control big chunks of the territory. >> before gadhafi there were three made up areas in libya. wasn't much of a country. >> you could have ungoverned spaces where groups like al qaeda could put down roots. as bad as things are, one of my rules in the middle east, things don't necessarily improve. i can spin out scenarios where things get better but i think we have to prepare for the fact that gadhafi could prevail. he could hang in for a long time or even if the opposition were to prevail and oust him, that's not the end of things. that's the beginning of phase two and that could be extraordinarily complicated. >> the bomb line for you is the 0 operation will take longer than people have been led to believe. >> until libya is functioning as a normal country that is a positive place that could be a
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matter of years. >> could you see a situation where gadhafi is in power and the situation ends? >> sure he could hang tough. by and large, a government stays intact and willing to kill their people they can remain in place and the international community would have to decide whether to escalate. the president said he wants gadhafi to go which is ambitious but he said no american boots on the ground. right now we have a disconnect between the ambition of our goals and the limits on our means. unless someone else is willing to provide additional means, sure it is possible that gadhafi could survive or you have a standoff. you could imagine libya fighting this out for sometime to come. >> appreciate you being on. joining us from paris foreign affairs correspondent jill dougherty and the former director of policy planning in little rock arkansas, general wesley clark, senior fellow for international relations. emily, you heard richard talk
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about -- raising questions about where we go from here. what do you make of that? >> as much as i like richard, i disagree on just about every point. let's look at it in terms of where we were a week ago. where we had a week ago we didn't have a u.n. resolution. then we get a u.n. resolution that is supported by remarkable coalition of countries, including lebanon and colombia, nigeria, other countries. and then saturday, the first troops, the first planes are in the air. that's only 3 1/2 days ago. in 3 1/2 days we have stopped gadhafi in his tracks. prevented a massacre in benghazi. we are making progress and enabling the rebels to make progress outside of other towns, as we just hard. in tripoli, people are starting once again to start to make clear they really don't support gadhafi, they are emerging from the blanket of fear. and what we are hearing now in
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only 3 1/2 days with nine nations in the coalition we are hearing that members of gadhafi's inner circle are reaching out to lots of government, which is consistent with the strategy we have been following. so i think 3 1/2 days in that's not a bad track record. >> general clark, what about you? there are a lot of things we don't know about the opposition forces, the makeup of them. what they would do afterward and where the operation goes from here. we are doing this on the fly. i think gates himself said today that, you know, we are doing this -- i can't remember the exact quote but something like we usually don't do this kind of thing on the fly as we have been. >> this is not a conventional military intervention because normally you would say what's your military objective and how does it support the decisive outcome that tur seeking? here we have a decisive outcome which is to get rid of gadhafi, but the military objeiv objecti
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doesn't necessarily lead to that. it might. it could work. it is going to take a lot of work behind the scenes with allies, arabs and with the libyan opposition to pull off. and there are limits, apparently to what the military is going to be enabled to do. so that means there have to be other means employed to get the desired outcome. it could work but it is not a conventional way of going at it. >> it seems what we are looking for is a political solution to this, meaning a political outcome, gadhafi leaving or being taken out. is the military force really the best way to get a political outcome? in the past does that work? >> i think we are combining force with diplomacy and each has a distinct mission. the use of force is designed to protect civilians, and it's succeeding in that goal, remarkably in a short period of time. we are protecting civilians. we are basically forcing gadhafi to fight much more fairly rather
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than invading cities and taking retribution. at the same time, we have a diplomatic strategy of isolation and pressure to try to force gadhafi out. now, the military strategy has levelled the playing field, at the same time we are working in many different ways, economic sanctions, political pressure, to change the calculations so that people around gadhafi and it looks like that may be working as well. so it's never one or the other. it's never just force or just diplomacy. real state craft is using them both in ways that reinforce each other and i think there are two missions here but they do reinforce each other. >> what's the latest on allied command and control? >> the latest we are hearing, in fact from european diplomates is that what's stopping alternate really from being the central focus here is the french, they simply don't want it. why don't they want it?
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they say the arabs wouldn't like it. but then some of these diplomates tell us the arabs, really at this point, couldn't care less. it would be okay with them and also how do we put it delicately the issue of president sarkozy and some people have talked about that he right from the beginning wanted to be seen as the person leading this and perhaps that is part of the motivation. >> general clark, there are plenty of people that aren't so thrilled in the u.s. involvement who would say, great, let president sarkozy take the lead and run the whole thing. >> that's true. and if it works out okay. maybe that's going to be fine. but first it is not clear the french have the wherewithal to do the important political military coordination, nor is it necessarily the case that they can do all of the political work that anne-marie is talking about. i think the administration is committed in this. and the way the politics of it will work out is that this will
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eventually sort out to the harder the u.s. tries, the deeper we are involved politically. the more the president's reputation rides on the krout come and the less likely we will be willing to defer to president sarkozy unless he is producing quick results. >> anne-marie, do you agree that we have taken sides in a civil war? >> i don't. i think that is what colonel gadhafi wants us to believe. he wants us to see it as a civil war. if if it is a civil war why he is paying foreign mercenaries to attack his people. there's little evidence that this is not a popular uprising and the minute you give people the ability to actually express their views free of fear, they are opposed to him indeed even tribes that have been with him a lot time you are seeing a lot of fishers. i'm not saying tlb there's nobody in libya that supports
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him but it is closer to a popular uprising to a try rant than a civil war. >> stay with us. we want to talk about what is going on in yemen and syria. up next deadly crackdowns in syria, yemen, bahrain. we will look at the growing violence and see how the u.s. interest in the middle east may be affected. and the setback for workers, new radiation concerns this time linked to tap water. st: uld switching to geico reallyavyou 15% or more on car insurance? host: is the pen mightier than the sword?
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anti-government protesters in syria clashed today with security forces in the city of dara. human rights activists say at
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least 15 people were killed by security forces. while the united states, western europe and most arab nations are focused on libya, many parts of the middle east are boiling over. they have been cracking down in syria since last week. at times security forces fired tear gas to disperse protesters. the government has tried to isolate dara, cutting off electricity, telephone service. activists say at least 21 people have died there since friday. in yemen, the president finally agreed today to government reforms. but at the same time, yemen's parliament extended his emergency powers for another 30 days. last week, yemen's security forces launched a violent crackdown on protesters killing more than 50. sound, thousands turned out for the funerals of many who died. and in bahrain, weeks of peaceful demonstrations against the ruling family turned violent last week when security forces launched a crackdown chasing protesters out of a main square, they have been occupying in the capital killing some protesters.
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saudi forces had also moved in to bahrain. earlier tonight i spoke to wassam tarif. human rights activist. we offered to talk to him without using his name, but he wanted his name used. we considered not doing in the interview, but we believe he is well aware of the dangers he faces. we decided to respect his request. today, syrian authorities arrested a prominent rights activist, but you want us to talk to us and use your name. why do you want us to use your name? why is that so important? >> well, it is important, the high wall of fear in syria is fallen. syrian people who, are living in exile, syrian people who are living abroad, who are calling arab networks and tvs and hiding their names and disguising their voices should stop it now. people are dying right now in
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dara. we have been living in this country for 50-year-olds under emergency law. this element of fear has to be broken. >> what is the situation on the ground there? >> well, in dara, dara has been in blackout. there is no land lines working, mobile phones are not working. there is no electricity at the moment. the security forces have invaded the mosque last night and killed six people. a girl 8 years old was injured she died at 10:00 in the morning. her family tried to bury her. the regime, security forces prevented the funeral because they know that during the funeral people gather and become more excited.
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and that causes much more anger and people gathered again around 2:00 around the mosque, and they were seized by security forces. and the security forces created more brutality. we have confirmed a few names of people that have been killed. another eight names are being circulated and we are trying to confirm the names. people are being slaughtered right now in dara. >> the protesters, though, unlike in tunisia, unlike in egypt, they're not calling for the end of the president's regime. >> no. no one has told the president to leave. they are asking for a simple and realistic demand. they are asking for the release of prisoners of conscience. they are asking for the abolishment of emergency law.
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they are asking for reform in the country. syria is full of young people who would love a quality education. they have to be given the chance to prove themselves and to build the country. this is not the way the president should be managing this. he has to start listening. it's the time to start listening and acting. he can't afford anymore promises. reforms should have started 11 years ago, not now. this man has to start listening to the demands of his people now. >> i applaud your courage and appreciate your talking to us. thank you. >> thank you very much. >> let's talk more about the growing violence in syria, yemen and bahrain. all very different situations. back with us anne-marie
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slaughter from princeton university. what do you make of the government's crackdown in syria? >> first thing to say is the courage of these people is amazing. our hats go off. the government will continue to try to use the tactics it has used for a long time, which is to snuff out any protests, but what we just heard, which i think is most important, is the wall of fear is coming down. that people are realizing that other people are willing to speak out. that other people are willing to take risks and then they are more willing to take risks and then, as you heard, as people sacrifice their lives for this -- in protest, and you have funerals that begins to escalate. that's a cycle we have seen in many countries. but in syria it really takes tremendous courage. >> the police state in syria is omnipresent. it is the same phrase breaking down the wall of fear.
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same phrase we heard in egypt early on. people saying fear had been defeated. it's interesting the demonstrations in syria so far, at this point, the people have not been calling for the president to actually step down. and yet, he's not taking that as an opportunity to kind of show his willingness to, you know, go after corruption, go after reform. >> well, that's right. of course they are asking for things that would make it harder for him to rule. they are asking for the release of political prisoners and the lifting of the emergency law. those are the tools with which you keep enforced stability. but they are doing actually exactly what you would recommend, which is they are demonstrating peacefully and they are asking for reform. and that is, in fact, a position that the united states has supported for many years now where we have been pushing governments to meet the needs of their people.
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to evolve so they have evolution rather than revolution and here you are seeing a state that is not looking likely to take that route. at that point things can turn violent. >> in yemen it is a different situation. you have two wars going on in the north and south. insurgency, battle against al qaeda forces. you have an al qaeda presence in the country. is that the lens through which u.s. officials look at the situation in yemen? >> this is an incredibly complex set of choices for the administration. we need the cooperation of the yemeni government. we get valuable intelligence for counterterrorism and instable in the region does mean havens for al qaeda. at the same time, we know that unless the government begins to meet these demands, begins to reform in ways that people are satisfied with, you can have an explosion that really would pro-the deuce the chaos or
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ungoverned spaces that richard hass was talking about that would be worse than what the situation is right now. we don't want a revolution there. in terms of our interest or frankly for the interest of the people. >> obviously in bahrain, you have a completely different situation. which you now have saudi, saudi forces in bahrain and forces from the uae, from the gulf cooperation council. how do you see the situation there? >> so there again, one of the tenants that we are following is look it is up to the regional organizations to take the lead here. that's why we waited for the arab league to actually ask for a no-fly zone in libya and here you have the gulf cooperation and council who have an agreement to come to each other's aid and we are not going to override what countries have agreed among themselves. at the same time, we have been
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very clear that to the extent the troops is to crush peaceful protests, that is -- that may seem like a smart tactic in the short term, but it's not in the long term and it's certainly not in our interests or we think in those governments' interests. they have to reform to meet the demands of their people. >> also, the sectarian, the sunni-shia split in bahrain, concern about iranian involvement in the region. we will be talking about this a lot in the weeks and days to come. anne marie slaughter. thank you for joining us. a terrorist attack injured dozens and killed one person. netanyahu delayed a trip to deal with the attack. the palestinian prime minister called it disgraceful and says it hurts the palestinian cause. next breaking news out of japan. parents in tokyo warned that tap water in japan's capital is
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unsafe for infants, tainted by dangerous levels of radioactive iodine. and another set back to contain the crisis. why workers had to leave the site again today. details ahead.
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when the earthquake happened, students at the elementary evacuated out of the school. they had no idea a tsunami was coming. out of 108 students at the school that day, 77 are either dead or missing.
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that's 70% of the children at this school. only a shell stands where children learned. backpack after backpack sits for parents to retrieve, along with a picture of the school little league team, the bats they used, art bags filled with crayons, all waiting to be identified and brought home. >> hard to believe, one school, one town. the death toll rose to nearly 9,500 today with more than 15,000 still missing. so many stories still to be told. so many people to be recovered. fewer than ten americans run accounted for according to the u.s. state department. breaking news in tokyo. officials warning residents not to give tap water to infants or use it in formula after tests found levels of radioactive iodine twice the limit for babies. stores are seeing a run on bottled water. tokyo's government said it's going to give water to 80,000
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households with babies. according to japanese television. keep in mind, tokyo is 150 miles from the fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant. at the plant, smoke began pouring from the badly damaged number three reactor, forcing more evacuations of workers. they have reportedly resumed their work inside. we have new pictures to show you taken inside control rooms. the plant's owner said two workers were injured while working with an electrical panel. earlier today i talked to an american tech nic in addition working inside the plant when the earthquake struck. here's what danny ude told me in our exclusive interview. >> it went on a long time and while we were there we got in the corner myself and other co-workers and the japanese people tried to get up close to the main structure and the beams that were there. and do the best we could because
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we couldn't make it to the door. it i was shaking too far and too much. too violently for us to get out. >> he was lucky to get out. we will have more on the interview later this week. tonight the crisis, quake. the clock is running. michael friedlander was an operator at a nuclear paurmt for a decade. when the cables were hooked up, it hasn't been fully restored, the cooling pumps haven't been turned on but you believe the risky work is ahead. >> that's right. think about it. when that accident happened, much of the radioactivity basically stayed inside of what we call the primary containment building. certainly over the days we have seen the venting and consequences of that on the countryside and now reaching its way to tokyo but most of the radio activity is outside of primary containment and as we
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restore the systems and move the plant to stable shut down condition we need to start to move large quantities of radioactive water outside of primary containment and that is going to require meticulous oversight and management. >> there is concern about something i hadn't heard about before but salt build up in the reactors that could cause harm and heat up even more. are you concerned about this and explain why there is so much salt in the reactors, from the salt water? >> yeah. for almost two weeks we have been injecting 100 gallons a minute of sea water in to these reactors. it's sort of like a teapot on the stove. as you pour increasing amounts of water in that, salt water in the teapot the water boils off and leaves the salt behind. and so it is on surfaces inside the reactor vessel and settling on the bottom of the reactor. what we are worried about is
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that salt may be on the side of the fuel pins. number one it insulates the fuel pins and it can block the flow of cooling water that is flowing past the fuel pins and we are worried about the fuel pins overheetding and releasing more radiation. >> do we know about the conditions of whether there is enough water now to cover the spent fuel rod pools? >> we don't any detailed information. we will get our first glimpses of that as they restore power to the main control rooms and get their instruments and controls back. that's why restoring power was a critical evolution and getting command and control back is going to be really important. >> you say one of the biggest worries is contaminated food and water. what is the tap water warning in tokyo tell you about the extent of contamination? >> another great question. this is, indeed, the principle issue that we will have to
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monitor quite closely over the months and years to come. as that cloud of radioactive material drifted away from the powerer plant, it settled out on the countryside and in the ocean. we know the watershed that feeds the rivers that supply tokyo's water supply are in those areas. so what has happened the last several days, as the rain has come down, it has washed that radioactivity that deposited out, has washed it to the rivers. so while at a local level it may have been a very, very low level of contamination, it is now concentrated in to the rivers and i think we will see that occurring more as well as in the ocean food chain. >> michael friedlander, always good to talk to you. appreciate your expertise. thank you very much. >> you bet. still ahead, a u.s. soldier pleading guilty to murdering afghan soldiers. he said he lost his moral come pass. those are his words. and elizabeth taylor is remembered as a leader in aids
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activism. she will not soon be forgotten. details ahead. ...adding nearly 400 billion dollars to the economy. generated over two and a half million kilowatts of electricity... ...enough energy to power a quarter of america. we gave your kids a cleaner ride to school. kept the lights on during a calm day at the wind farm. heated 57 million u.s. homes. simmered grandma's chicken noodle soup. melted tons of recycled glass. roasted millions of coffee beans. provided electricity for nearly 29 million home computers. heated your bathwater. cooked your takeout. lit your way home. we helped america import less of its energy. cleared the air by burning cleaner than other fuel sources, with less pollutants and no mercury. and tomorrow, we could do even more. we're cleaner, domestic, abundant and ready now. we're america's natural gas. the smarter power today. learn more at anga.us.
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an update on some of the stories we are following. a u.s. soldier charged with killing afghan civilians in cold blood last year was sentenced today to 24 years in military prison. he pleaded guilty to three counts of murder, and agreed to testify against other soldiers charged in the killings. san francisco, a federal appeals court has again refused to allow same-sex marriages in california, while an appeal is pending. last year a federal judge declared a voter approved ban on same-sex marriages in california unconstitutional. the civil rights challenge is now at the u.s. court of appeals
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for the ninth circuit. the quake in japan may worsen the ipad ii shortage. the earthquake has halted or delayed production of many components in the popular device. and actress elizabeth taylor has died. in her nearly seven-decade career, she acted in more than 50 films, winning two oscars. taylor landed on hollywood's map when she was just 12 stars in "national velvet." she was the first actress to earn a million dollars for "cleopatra." co-starring with richard burton. off screen she married eight times, twice to burton after the death of her former co-star and friend rock hudson she raised millions to help those with hiv aids. elizabeth taylor was 79 and her son put out a statement that read, in part, she was an extraordinary woman and her
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legacy will never fade. >> what an extraordinary life. just incredible. >> isha, thank you very much. up next breaking news out of libya. large explosions in tripoli. new information about gadhafi's inner circle perhaps reaching out though the united states. the latest at the top of the hour. and here's where the diet stuff happens. like the other stuff, diet snapple has healthy stuff. [ horn honks ] and tasty stuff. we just took out the calories and stuff. so who comes up with this stuff? i do. ooh!